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The Possible Ways To Solve Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer is a cancer arising from the cervix. It is due to the abnormal growth of cells that have the ability to invade or spread to other parts of the body.Early on, typically no symptoms are seen.Later symptoms may include abnormal vaginal bleeding,pelvic pain or pain during sexual intercourse.While bleeding after sex may not be serious,it may also indicate the presence of cervical cancer.

Historical background of Cervical cancer

Worldwide, cervical cancer is both the fourth-most common cause of cancer and the fourth-most common cause of death from cancer in women.In 2012, an estimated 528,000 cases of cervical cancer occurred, with 266,000 deaths.

This is about 8% of the total cases and total deaths from cancer.About 70% of cervical cancers occur in developing countries.In low-income countries, it is the most common cause of cancer death.In developed countries , the widespread use of cervical screening programs has dramatically reduced rates of cervical cancer. In medical research, the most famous
immortalised cell line, known as HeLa, was developed from cervical cancer cells of a woman named Henrietta Lacks .

Early stages of cervical cancer

The early stages of cervical cancer may be completely free of symptoms.Vaginal bleeding, contact bleeding (one most common form being bleeding after sexual intercourse), or (rarely) a vaginal mass may indicate the presence of malignancy.

Also, moderate pain during sexual intercourse and vaginal discharge are symptoms of cervical cancer.In advanced disease, metastases may be present in the abdomen lungs,or elsewhere.Symptoms of advanced cervical cancer may include: loss of appetite,weight loss, fatigue, pelvic pain, back pain, leg pain, swollen legs, heavy vaginal bleeding, bone fractures, and (rarely) leakage of urine or feces from the vagina.Bleeding after douching or after a pelvic exam is a common symptom of cervical cancer.

Causes of cervical cancer

Infection with some types of Human papillomavirus(HPV) is the greatest risk factor for cervical cancer, followed by smoking.HIV infection is also a risk factor.Not all of the causes of cervical cancer are known,however,and several other contributing factors have been implicated.

Solution to cervical cancer

Having few or no sexual partners and the use of condom.

Cervical cancer secrening using Pap test or acetic acid can identify precancerous changes which when treated can prevent the development of cancer.Treatment of cervical cancer may consist of some combination of surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy.

Two HPV vaccines (Gardasil and
Cervarix) reduce the risk of cancerous or precancerous changes of the cervix and perineum by about 93% and 62%, respectively.The vaccines are between 92% and 100% effective against HPV 16 and 18 up to at least 8 years.

Vitamin A is associated with a lower risk as are vitamin B12 , vitamin C,
vitamin E, and beta-Carotene .

Microinvasive cancer (stage IA) may be treated by hysterectomy (removal of the whole uterus including part of the
vagina ).For stage IA2, the lymph nodes are removed, as well. Alternatives include local surgical procedures such as a loop electrical excision procedure or cone biopsy.

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