What You Do Not Probably Know About Mangoes

What You Do Not Probably Know About Mangoes

                         Mango fruit

Mangoes are juicy stone fruit (drupe) from numerous species of tropical
trees belonging to the flowering plant genus Mangifera , cultivated mostly for their edible fruit.The majority of these species are found in nature as wild mangoes. The genus belongs to the cashew family Anacardiaceae .

Mangoes are native to South Asia
from where the common mango or Indian mango,Mangifera Indica has been distributed worldwide to become one of the most widely cultivated fruits in the tropics . Other Mangifera species (e.g. horse mango, Mangifera foetida) are grown on a more localized basis.
It is the national fruit of India,Pakistan and the Philippines and the national tree of Bangladesh.

Mango trees grow to 35–40 m (115–131 ft) tall, with a crown radius of 10 m (33 ft). The trees are long-lived, as some specimens still fruit after 300 years.In deep soil, the taproot descends to a depth of 6 m (20 ft), with profuse, wide-spreading feeder roots and anchor roots penetrating deeply into the soil.The leaves are evergreen,alternate, simple, 15–35 cm (5.9–13.8 in) long, and 6–16 cm (2.4–6.3 in) broad; when the leaves are young they are orange-pink, rapidly changing to a dark, glossy red, then dark green as they mature.

         Characteristics Of A Mango

The flowers are produced in terminal
panicles 10–40 cm (3.9–15.7 in) long; each flower is small and white with five petals 5–10 mm (0.20–0.39 in) long, with a mild, sweet fragrance.Over 500 varieties of mangoes are known,many of which ripen in summer, while some give a double crop.The fruit takes four to five months from flowering to ripen.

The ripe fruit varies in size, shape, color, sweetness, and eating quality.
Cultivars are variously yellow, orange, red, or green, and carry a single flat, oblong pit that can be fibrous or hairy on the surface, and which does not separate easily from the pulp.The fruits may be somewhat round, oval, or
kidney -shaped, ranging from 5–25 centimetres (2–10 in) in length and from 140 grams (5 oz) to 2 kilograms (5 lb) in weight per individual fruit.

The skin is leather -like, waxy, smooth, and fragrant, with color ranging from green to yellow, yellow-orange, yellow-red, or blushed with various shades of red, purple, pink or yellow when fully ripe.Ripe intact mangoes give off a distinctive resinous, sweet smell.

Inside the pit 1–2 mm (0.039–0.079 in) thick is a thin lining covering a single
seed , 4–7 cm (1.6–2.8 in) long. Mangoes have recalcitrant seeds which do not survive freezing and drying.Mango trees grow readily from seeds, with germination success highest when seeds are obtained from mature fruits.

                           A mango tree in full                                      bloom in Kerala      
                           Mango flower blossom

Mango Edibles

Mangoes are generally sweet, although the taste and texture of the flesh varies across cultivars; some have a soft, pulpy texture similar to an overripe
plum , while others are firmer, like a
cantaloupe or avocado , and some may have a fibrous texture. The skin of unripe, pickled, or cooked mango can be consumed, but has the potential to cause contact dermatitis of the lips,
gingiva , or tongue in susceptible people.

A glass of Mango Juice

                  Uses Of A Mango

Mangoes are widely used in cuisine. Sour, unripe mangoes are used in
chutneys, athanu , pickles , side dishes, or may be eaten raw with salt ,
chili , or soy sauce. A summer drink called aam panna comes from mangoes.

Mango pulp made into jelly or cooked with red gram dhal and green chillies may be served with cooked rice.

Mangoes are used to make murabba (fruit preserves), muramba (a sweet, grated mango delicacy).


Mangoes may be used to make juices, mango nectar , and as a flavoring and major ingredient in ice cream and
sorbetes .
Mango is used to make juices ,
smoothies , ice cream , fruit bars,
raspados , aguas frescas , pies , and sweet chili sauce, or mixed with
chamoy , a sweet and spicy chili paste.


Mango leaves also have significant polyphenol content, including xanthonoids , mangiferin and gallic acid.
 The flavor of mango fruits is constituted by several volatile organic chemicals mainly belonging to terpene ,
furanone , lactone, and ester classes.


In India, harvest and sale of mangoes is during March–May and this is annually covered by news agency.


Dried mango skin and its seeds are also used in Ayurvedic medicines.


Mango leaves are used to decorate archways and doors in Indian houses and during weddings and celebrations such as Ganesh Chaturthi .


In the West Indies, the expression "to go mango walk" means to steal another person's mango fruits. This is celebrated in the famous song, "The Mango Walk".

                Mangoes in a Paris farmers'                       market

                       Mango chutney

                    List of mango cultivars

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